Hypertension is the medical phrase for high blood pressure. According to Medical guidelines, hypertension is defined as blood pressure higher than 130 over 80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
There are two types of high blood pressure – Primary Hypertension and Secondary Hypertension. Primary Hypertensiondevelops gradually over several years. There is no defined cause of high blood pressure in this case. Most adults with sedentary lifestyle are likely to develop primary hypertension later in life.
Secondary hypertension is the kind of high blood pressure caused by an underlying health condition. People with kidney disorders, fatty liver, thyroid issues, alcohol abuse, tumors or sleep apnea may develop secondary hypertension.
High blood pressure leads to a higher risk of dementia. Young people can also suffer from high blood pressure. 1 in 5 adults do not know they have high blood pressure.
Many risk factors increase the chances of hypertension: age, ethnicity, size and weight, alcohol and tobacco consumption, pre-existing health conditions, hereditary factors, poor stress management.
Hypertension needs diagnosis. After several readings that show high blood pressure, hypertension is confirmed. A person with hypertension does not notice symptoms. So regular checking is vital to prevent any health crisis. Often called the ‘silent killer’, it leads to long-term concerns such as kidney failure, heart disease, hypertensive retinopathy, and stroke. According to WHO reports, the processed food industry has spiked cases of hypertension worldwide.
As per available data, more people were diagnosed with hypertension than diabetes in India in 2017. It is time to acknowledge the gravity of the situation and prevent hypertension by making lifestyle changes. Maintain body weight – because obesity increases the chances of having hypertension. Eat a balanced diet with lots of vegetables, fruits, and low fat dairy foods, with moderate amount of fish, eggs, and nuts. Reduce salt intake. Low-sodium diet keeps blood pressure under check. Do physical exercise every day – walk, run, jog. Physical activity is important to stay fit. Limit alcohol consumption to one drink every day. Monitor blood pressure regularly – at home or at the clinic. Avoid stress and stop smoking.
On World Hypertension Day, introduce some healthy changes in your life and in the lives of family members. With some positive changes, this health complication can be reversed, or at least kept under control. In case, you are not affected by it yet, make these changes to ensure you do not become hypertensive in life.